Who's Online

We have 61 guests online

ABOUT VIETNAM

PDFPrintE-mail

Situation:

Southeast Asia. Previously known as Indochine Penisula. The country borders China to the North, Laos to the West and Cambodia to lower West. Northeast is East Sea or so-called South China Sea, Southwest is the Gulf of Thailand.

Area: 330,991 square kilometers


Cities:
"Vietnam has 64 administrative division including 05 central cities:
• Hanoi: Capital city, Red River delta in the North
• Ho Chi Minh City: the biggest city of the country, Mekong delta in the South, 1730 Km, 02 hours flight from Hanoi.
• Hai Phong: Port city, 102 km – 02 hours driving from Hanoi,
• Danang: Getaway city to Centre Vietnam. 763 km from Hanoi, 947 km from Ho Chi Minh City. 01 hour and 10 minutes flying from either Hanoi or Ho Chi Minh City
• Can Tho: Centre Mekong delta, 186 km, 3 hours and half driving from Ho Chi Minh City. "


Hanoi CanTho Chau Doc Vung Tau Quy Nhon Da Lat Phan Thiet Nha Trang Hue Da Nang Hoi An Hai Phong Ha Long Sapa HoChiMinh Phu Quoc

Population: 82 million
There are 54 ethnic group living in Vietnam. The Viet (or Kinh) people account for 88 percent of Vietnam population and are mostly concentrated in lowlands. In contrast, most of the country's 5.5 million ethnic minority peoples live in mountainous areas.

Climate:
"Vietnam is essentially a tropical country with a humid monsoon climate. The average annual temperature is over 20 degrees Celsius throughout the country. It is especially hot and humid (highs of 35 – 38 degrees) between June and September.
Lowland areas receive around 1,500mm of rain per year, while mountainous areas receive 2,000mm to 3,000mm. Humidity can reach up to 90% in the rainy season.
North Vietnam has four distinct seasons, of which Fall is considered the most beautiful. HANOI and the NORTH tends to be cool (15 – 20 degrees) and often misty in December, January and February. The wet season (May to October) does not usually obstruct travel as rain is normally confined to 01 or 02 HOURS each day. The wet season is the hottest and most humid period of the year.
CENTRAL VIETNAM may experience unstable weather in October and November.
The South is warm all year round, with seasons variations in temperature averaging just three degrees Celsius. South Vietnam has two seasons: cool and dry from November to April and hot and rainy from May to October. It is hottest and most humid in March and April. "

Geography:
"Vietnam lies on the eastern seaboard of the Indochina Peninsula. Mountains and hill cover four-fifths of Vietnam’s territory with the Truong Son range stretching over 1,400km. Mount Fansipan (3,142m) is the highest peak in Southeast Asia.
The most populated areas in Vietnam are the lowland alluvial plains: the Red River Delta (15,000 sq.km, with a 3,000 km – long dyke network) in the north, and the Mekong Delta (39,000 sq. km) in the south. Vietnam’s two biggest rivers, the Red River and the Mekong River, respectively discharge 122,109 and 1.4 million cubic meters of water a year.
Vietnam’s 3,260 km – long coastline features beautiful beaches like Lang Co, Nha Trang, Phan Thiet, Vung Tau, and Ha Tien. National parks inclde Ba Vi, Cat Ba and Cuc Phuong in the north, Bach Ma in the center, and Cat Tien in the south."

People & Language:
"Friendly and hospitality feature character of Vietnamese people although the country is marked by many wars. Viet people comprise 85% and the rest 15% of the population are 54 ethnic minority peoples who live in the mountainous regions of the Central Highlands or northern regions. The largest ethnic minority groups are the Tay, the White Thai, the Black Thai and the H’mong.
Vietnamese is a tonal language that uses the Roman alphabet together with tone marks. The French is rarely spoken now although the country used to be a French colonial. Today, English has replaced Russian and French as the most studied language"

Religion:
"The three main religious influences in Vietnam are Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism, shaping the spiritual life of Vietnamese. Majority of population have no specific religion. However there are approximately 60% of the population adhere to some form of Buddhism as this religion has been longtime introduced to Vietnam. Confucianism is more a religious philosophy than an organized religion, featuring Vietnam's social system and the everyday lives and belief of its people. Taoism has its system of conception about nature and cosmos in which emphasizes contemplation and simplicity of life. Taoist temples are very few to find in Vietnam as this religion's ritualism has been absorbed in to Vietnamese Buddhism.
The Cult of Mother worshiping and Ancestor worship are the two native beliefs, dating long before the arrival of Confucianism, Taoism or Buddhism. Besides, there are also Roman Catholics (8% - 10% of the population), Protestants, Moslems, Hinduism and especially Dadaism – an indigenous Vietnamese sect that seeks to create the ideal religion by fusing the secular and religious philosophies all the world's major faiths."

History:
"Featured by the fiercely struggles against the repeated foreign invasion for independence and sovereignty, Vietnam's history can be divided into five periods:
* Prehistory: there is evidence of human settlements in northern Vietnam as far back as 500,000 - 300,000 BC. In the third century BC, King An Duong Vuong found
Au Viet.
* Chinese occupation: Northern Vietnam was occupied by China from 189BC to 939AD.
* Independence: local Kings ruled the area from 939 to 1860.
* French colonialism: The French colonized Vietnam from 1860 to 1945.
* Independence: The Socialist Republic of Vietnam was founded following the 1945 Revolution, when President Ho Chi Minh declared independence. "

Economy:
"Market-based economy. Third world leading rice exporter and coffee exporter. Other exported goods are rubber, tea, crude oil, coal, and electricity.
Join WTO by 2007. Asia’s second fastest on GDP growth rate."

Share